Gomba is a district in Central Uganda and also among the poorest districts in the country. Gomba District is bordered by Mubende District to the west and north, Mityana District to the northeast and Butambala District to the east. Kalungu District, Bukomansimbi District and Sembabule District lie to the south of Gomba District.
Kanoni town, also Kanoni, Gomba or Kanoni–Gomba, is the commercial, administrative, and political headquarters of Gomba District and its also the home of Beacon of Hope Uganda offices in the district. Kanoni town, where the district headquarters are located, lies approximately 97 kilometres (60 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, the capital of Uganda and the largest city in the country. This location is approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi), by road, west of Mpigi town, the nearest large metropolitan area.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 119,550. The next census in 2002 estimated the population of Gomba District at approximately 133,300. In 2012, the estimated population in the district was about 152,800.
Gomba District is a rural district which receives lower precipitation than the districts of Butambala and Mpigi. Livestock farming is a major economic activity in the district supplemented with subsistence agriculture.