Buyende District is a district in Eastern Uganda and one of the poorest districts of the country. It is named after Buyende, the ‘chief town’ in the district and the location of the district headquarters.
Buyende District is bordered by Amolatar District to the northwest, Kaberamaido District to the north, Serere District to the northeast, Kaliro District to the east, Luuka District to the southeast, Kamuli District to the south and Kayunga District to the west. The district headquarters at Buyende town are located approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi), by road, north of Kamuli, the nearest large town. This location lies approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, north of Jinja, the largest city in the sub-region.
The district is primarily rural, with poor road infrastructure. As of December 2018, there are no hospitals in Buyende District. Buyende town is the home of Beacon of Hope Uganda offices in the area.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 130,800. The 2002 Uganda national census estimated the population of Buyende District at about 191,300, with a population growth rate of 3.5% annually. In 2012, the population of Buyende District was estimated at approximately 265,100.
Agriculture (subsistence and commercial), is the mainstay of the district economy. Crop agriculture involves the following crops: Sugarcanes, Sweet bananas, Oranges, Maize, Sweet potatoes, Beans, Groundnuts and Cassava